II. Cooperation with the main partner countries


Mali - The new ICP with this partner country of Luxembourg’s development cooperation is exclusively focused on rural development


Population 15,3 millions
Surface area 1240192 km2
GNP per inhabitant (PPP in $) 1499
Classification in HDI 176/187

2014 was marked by the return of insecurity and an intensification of the conflict in the north of the country. The visit of a governmental delegation to Kidal in May had to be interrupted due to armed action by the Touareg rebels. After an unsuccessful counter-attack, the Malian army had to retreat and withdraw from the north of the country. The signature of a ceasefire and the launch in July of talks in Algiers between the government and the armed groups gave fresh hopes of peace, although the situation on the ground remained very complex, with an increase in clashes between the armed groups and pro-government militias. The end of the year also saw the return of jihadists linked to AQIM, with almost weekly attacks on the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA). 

Mali was struck by the Ebola epidemic at the end of the year, with eight cases recorded to date, of which six succumbed to the virus. The government and international organisations in Mali did their best to ensure that Mali escaped the worst of the epidemic by monitoring suspected cases closely. 

In May, the embassy in Dakar opened an annex in Bamako, and stationed an official there, in order to identify the 3rd Indicative Cooperation Programme (ICP2015-2019). Minister for Cooperation and Humanitarian Affairs Romain Schneider and Director of Development Cooperation Martine Schommer visited Bamako on 3 June 2014 for the 7th partnership committee meeting between Mali and Luxembourg.