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Environment and climate change

In the context of a global climate emergency, which became even more acute in 2019, Luxembourg has maintained its commitment to combating climate change, including through its development cooperation. This commitment is crucial, because people in the countries of the South, who contribute the least to the harmful effects of climate change, are often the ones most affected. Indeed, as extreme weather becomes more frequent, there is a considerable impact on people who depend directly on agriculture and coastal activities, who do not have the resources to protect themselves from extreme heat waves or who have less resilience to the prolonged periods of drought and devastating floods that are becoming more frequent.

Climate change also has an impact on respect for human rights, particularly for the most vulnerable populations, by exacerbating existing inequalities. Environmental issues, especially gender equality, are also closely linked, because, in the face of a crisis, girls and women are the first to see their existence threatened, particularly through an increase in early school leaving, early marriages or gender-based violence.

Seeking to comply with the principle of additionality in international climate financing, in 2019 Luxembourg’s Development Cooperation continued its mainstreaming approach to the issue through each of its cooperation projects and programmes. Luxembourg’s Cooperation’s approaches to environmental/climate mainstreaming will be taken further by developing a strategy that is consistent with the OECD recommendations and Luxembourg’s objectives in terms of combating climate change.

Finally, the Directorate for Development Cooperation and Humanitarian Affairs participated in the 2019 Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change with a view to further networking at the international level.

In view of the long-standing nature and diversity of relations between Luxembourg and Cabo Verde, Cabo Verde has been selected as a pilot country for implementing the new type of partnership within the framework of the whole-of-government approach. To that end, an interministerial working group has been set up for close collaboration between several ministries concerned, including the Ministry of the Environment, Climate and Sustainable Development and the Ministry of Energy and Spatial Planning, in order to work on the relationship between official development assistance (ODA) funds from the Cooperation Fund and resources from the Climate and Energy Fund within the framework of the next Indicative Cooperation Programme between Cabo Verde and Luxembourg, which will have a tripartite structure around development, climate, and energy. Support for the environment and renewable energy will thus be strengthened in order to make the aid provided adequate to address
the growing climate emergency.

It should be noted that Luxembourg is already considered a strategic partner of Cabo Verde in terms of its energy transition, with LuxDev being designated by the Cabo Verde authorities as a privileged partner to facilitate Cabo Verde’s access to funding from the Green Climate Fund.