Changes to Luxembourg’s ODA in 2019
In 2019, Luxembourg’s official development assistance (ODA) amounted to EUR 420.80 million, 1.04% of gross national income (GNI). Thus Luxembourg is still one of the small number of OECD members – alongside Denmark, Norway, Sweden and the United Kingdom – to have maintained its ODA at 0.7% of GNI or above.
At the international level, official development assistance reached USD 152.8 billion in 2019, a slight increase (1.4%) in real terms compared to 2018. This represents 0.30% of the combined GNI of the 30 members of the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee (DAC). The G7 countries provided 75% of ODA, with EU Member States providing 55% of ODA.
Following a drop in bilateral aid to the least developed countries in 2018, this recovered in 2019 (+2.6%). The same applies to assistance to Africa (+1.3%). Humanitarian aid has fallen for the second year in a row, decreasing by 2.9% compared to 2018.
Net global ODA has doubled since 2000. Between 2000 and 2010, it grew by 69%, especially promoted by the Sustainable Development Goals and the Monterrey and Gleneagles conferences on financing for development. Subsequently, as a result of the financial crisis and the turmoil in the euro area, it decreased in 2011 and 2012, before rising again in 2013 and reaching its peak in 2016, affected by the migration flows in Europe.